The UNFCCC is a “Rio Convention”, one of the three adopted at the “Rio Earth Summit” in 1992. The UNFCCC entered into force on 21 March 1994. Today, it has near-universal membership. The countries that have ratified the Convention are called Parties to the Convention. Preventing “dangerous” human interference with the climate is the ultimate aim of the UNFCCC.
The crucial element of the UNFCCC is the Conference of the Parties (COP), which consists of the representatives of the Parties to the Convention. The Conference sessions are held annually, negotiating the decisions necessary to ensure the effective implementation of the Convention and regularly reviewing the execution of its provisions.
In accordance with a decision of the 22nd Session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Convention (COP22) in Marrakesh in November 2016, this year’s Conference will be held in Poland. Poland was selected to host this event within the framework of the Eastern European Group (EEG).
Poland will hold the Presidency of the Climate Convention for the fourth time, however, it will host the event on the third occasion.
COP24 will take place from 3-14 December 2018, in Katowice, Poland.