Poland will host the 24th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP24) from 2-14 December 2018. For the fourth time Poland will chair the Conference of the Parties, and for the third time it will host the event (the previous conferences organised in Poland were COP14 in 2008 in Poznań and COP19 in 2013 in Warszawa).
The Leaders' Summit under the auspices of the President of the Republic of Poland Andrzej Duda, with participation of the UN Secretary-General Antonio Gutierres and many other world leaders that have already confirmed their participation was convened on 3 December. It will be an opportunity to give a political impetus for COP24 Conference.
EXPECTED OUTCOME OF COP24
The main objective of the Polish Presidency at COP24 is to adopt a decision ensuring full implementation of the Paris Agreement (the so-called implementation package - the Katowice Rules). The implementation package will give the Paris Agreement a realistic shape by setting out a path that each country will decide to follow in terms of intensifying its climate protection efforts. To put it simply, "there is no Paris Agreement without Katowice".
The ambition of the Polish Presidency is to adopt rules and tools that will create a systemic solution for the whole world, replacing the point-based discussion on fragmented objectives, which doesn’t allow for a comprehensive approach to all important areas of emissions (such as transport, energy, buildings, agriculture), removals balancing emissions (forests, soils), implementation measures (including financing) and measures to adapt economies to expected changes in the future (the so-called adaptation measures). The success of Katowice will be to make progress in the mechanisms without which the Paris Agreement will not be able to function in real terms.
Apart from the implementation package, means the Katowice Rules, COP24 will host two important events at the ministerial level. The first event constituting a financial framework for climate protection will be the 3rd Ministerial Dialogue on Climate Financing (according to Decision 3/CP.19), dedicated to assessing progress in meeting the developed countries' commitment to mobilise USD 100 billion annually by 2020.
The second event constituting a joint reflection on how the Parties should achieve together the objectives of the Paris Agreement will be the Talanoa Dialogue. It will be an opportunity for Poland to highlight its positive contribution to climate protection, underlining the scale, importance and effectiveness of national policies, especially in the areas of clean air, electromobility and increasing forest resources. It will also be a forum to discuss the level of global ambition.